International Center of Excellence
in Food Risk Communication

The International Center of Excellence in Food Risk Communication was established in 2011 as a collaborative initiative among global food and health organizations, government agencies, academic institutions, and expert nonprofit communication organizations. The Center was founded on the belief that it is important to have a collective international resource of food-specific risk communication materials which are dedicated to enabling informed decision-making to promote global health. Read More

Welcome to the International Center of Excellence in Food Risk Communication

Our Vision

The International Center of Excellence in Food Risk Communication will be the premier global resource for risk communication on food and health.

Our Mission

The International Center of Excellence in Food Risk Communication provides resources to help government officials, health professionals, academicians, food producers, journalists, the public, and other stakeholders communicate and understand concepts, practices, research, and data about food safety, nutrition, and health.

Our Goals

  • Convene credible and influential governmental, communications, and health authorities to maximize their individual and collective reach and effectiveness for the public good.
  • Contribute to the international body of knowledge on food risk communication.
  • Increase the effectiveness of food risk communication, thereby enabling informed decisions about food safety, nutrition, and health.

Navigating Around This Site

Please use the navigation buttons at the top of this page to access specific information About Risk Communication, regarding website Partners,  regarding Food and Health Professional Resources and regarding Consumer Resources.

If you would like to link directly to the websites of the Partner Organizations, please click on their name or icon in the rotating panel entitled “Our Partners” at the right. 

For information contributed to the International Center of Excellence in Food Risk Communication by the Partner Organizations, please click on their name in the International Partner Organizations section below. 

For additional resources available from Agencies and Others Involved in Risk Communication, please click on that section below.


Our Partners

Canadian Food Inspection AgencyU.S. Food & Drug AdministrationFood Standards Australia New ZealandInternational Food Information Council FoundationInter American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture - IICAJoint Institute for Food Safety and Applied NutritionHealth CanadaThe National Center for Food Protection and DefenseUSDAChina National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment

Current News & Hot Topics

  • Food Standards Australia New Zealand called for submissions by July 14, 2015, on an application to allow food derived from a biotech corn line, genetically modified to be tolerant to the herbicide glufosinate ammonium, and for protection against common corn pests. “FSANZ completed a safety assessment and found there were “no potential public health or safety concerns.”
    June 4, 2015

  • EFSA Launches Latest Data Call for EU Menu Survey

    The European Food Safety Authority completed a major update to its Food Consumption Database, with the goal of creating the opportunity for direct country-to-country comparisons and the identification of pan-European trends. A major pillar of this strategy is EFSA’s EU Menu project, which aims to harmonize collection methodologies across the EU.

    EFSA is also building a single Scientific Data Warehouse as a repository for all the data collected by the Authority. The Food Consumption Database is the first data set to be published using the data warehouse interactive dashboards and exports. You can download the interactive dashboards here.

    The newly added data improve coverage of all population groups. Six countries have now provided data for infants, a group for which coverage was previously weak. The number of countries submitting data on children (3-10 years) and adolescents (10-18) has also risen, from 14 to 19 and 12 to 19 respectively. And the number submitting data on the elderly has risen dramatically from 9 to 15, or around 60%.

  • JIFSAN Announces 2015 Annual Symposium

    The Joint Institute for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition will host a symposium titled “Re-Tool Your Box!: Communicating Food Risk in an Era of Social Media” from November 4-5, 2015 at the University of Maryland (USA). For additional details, click here. May 8, 2015

  • 3 Agricultural Innovations that are Helping the Earth - A blog post from the International Food Information Council Foundation, April 22, 2015

    Sun, seeds, soil, and now… satellite positioning. Technology has added a whole new dimension to farming. New innovations don’t just make life easier for farmers, they can help to protect the environment. This Earth Day, let’s look at three ways that technology has made farming greener.
    Food biotechnology uses plant science and genetics. With this technology, scientists can move genes for valuable traits from one plant to another. These traits help create environmental and economic benefits for the farmer and for us.

    For instance, certain biotech foods are resistant pests and diseases. The reduction in chemical usage is beneficial for water and wildlife, and for workers who manage the crops.

    Biotech crops also need less ‘tilling,’ or plowing, to control weeds. Plowing is a major source of soil erosion – it was even a key factor behind the Dust Bowl in the 1930s! No-till farming also locks carbon in the soil and requires less tractor fuel, so it could have benefits for climate change. Though no-till farming has been around longer than biotechnology, new biotechnology enables more farmers to use this method. As an additional benefit, biotechnology can help to limit deforestation, since less land is needed to produce the same amount of product.
    Fertilizer is an important topic to mention on Earth Day. Replenishing nutrients in the soil is essential to grow the world’s food. In fact, fertilizer contributes to 30-50 percent of the world’s crop production. ‘4R nutrient stewardship’ means applying the right kind of fertilizer, at the right rate, at the right time, and in the right place. Here are a few examples of how 4R Advocates use precision agriculture technology:

    Grower Matthew Clements from Grandview, Idaho, works with retailer Terry Tindall. They uses precision mapping to create soil management zones. Each zone gets just the right amount of fertilizer for its needs.
    Grower Sean Jones is from Massey, Maryland, and he partners with retailer Michael Twining. They use an advanced water management program that tracks daily crop growth, water demand, and available soil water, to make sure water use is efficient and sustainable.
    Joel Erickson is from Langford, South Dakota and works with Andrew Kappes. They use cover crops to capture nutrients and provide grazing for cattle. To learn more, visit
    Technology is also changing the way that farmers protect their crops. New devices can carefully track the application of pesticides. That information helps farmers to make sure that they are using as little as they can.  For example, lightbar guidance systems track where a pesticide is applied. That way, the same area doesn’t get sprayed twice. Similar technologies can also help farmers determine which sections of their field are most vulnerable to pests. This helps ensure that the pesticide is only applied where it is most needed. A strategic, high-tech approach to pesticide application doesn’t just help the environment. It helps farmers too. Pesticides can be expensive, so farmers want to be as efficient as possible and keep crops affordable.
    Whether you’re appreciating water conservation, protection of nature, or more precise fertilizer and pest control applications, we hope you’ll join us in a toast to technology this Earth Day!
    - See more at:

  • Harper Government invests more than $30 million to further enhance food safety
    Canada strengthening its ability to anticipate, detect and respond to food safety risks

    The Canadian Government established a Food Safety Information Network that will help connect federal and provincial food safety laboratories and regulators across the country. This new network will help rapidly identify, mobilize and coordinate laboratory surge capacity and capabilities during complex food safety incidents and emergencies; allow near-real time sharing, organization and analysis of food safety information across the country to inform more preventive and timely risk management decisions; and improve Canada's ability to effectively anticipate and detect routine foodborne threats.

    The FSIN is a collaborative initiative developed by the federal government with the provinces and territories. Federal partners include the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA), Health Canada and the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC). The FSIN will be implemented incrementally over five years, linking federal and provincial food safety establishments and accredited laboratories across the country. Click here for more details.   April 9, 2015
  • Food Communications Compass, Japan Reports on New Law to Give Japanese Consumers Access to Clear Nutrition Information on Food Labels

    Food Communications Compass, Japan reported that effective April 1, 2015, a new law known as the JAS Law, Food Sanitation Law, Health Promotion will give Japanese consumers access to clear nutritional information on food labels. Among the key developments:
    Nutrition labeling of “processed foods” will transition to mandatory status by 2020; Food labels will include serving amounts of sodium, saturated fats, dietary fiber, food additives as well as food and nutrient function claims. In addition, a “unique manufacturing plant symbol” will be included on food packages. For more details, see Part 1, Part 2 and Part 3.     April 2, 2015 

  • Research Spotlight: NCFPD Information Sharing Research 2014-15

    Information sharing is essential in identifying and mitigating threats against the homeland and in minimizing adverse health and economic consequences in response to food safety and defense events.  The concept is simple, however sharing of information demands resources and is often challenged by the technical, legal, and political barriers.  NCFPD is currently conducting research in three areas to facilitate improved information sharing among the individuals, agencies, and companies.
    Click here.   March 27, 2015

  • China’s National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment has developed a readily accessible repository of information on National Food Safety Standards Evaluation and Feedback Training Module. Click here.

    The website gives user options to provide feedback and seek further advice on best practices. The user can personalize information requested. Click here. Comments provided will be share with the National Food Safety Standards Evaluation and Feedback to help their ongoing work.    March 20, 2015

  • EFSA Report: "No Evidence" that the Ebola Virus Can be Transmitted Through Food
    On March 18, the European Food Safety Authority and external experts from the World Health Organization have developed a report assessing the risk of Ebola transmission from the consumption of raw foods, such as plants, fruits and vegetables, legally imported into the EU from African countries. The report concluded there is “No Evidence" that the Ebola virus can be transmitted through food.
    EFSA states for the virus to be transmitted though food, several steps are necessary and none of these has ever been reported.

    -          The exported food would need to be contaminated at the point of origin;

    -          The food would need to contain a viable virus (“capable of surviving”) when it arrives into the EU;

    -          The person would have to be infected following foodborne exposure.

    For more details, see EFSA’s Press Release and Scientific Report.  March 19, 2015

  • Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) Sets Up High-Level Technical Committees to Tackle the Major Challenges Facing Agriculture More Effectively

    “Food safety actions never cease, hence the importance of viewing agricultural health and food safety as a cross-cutting issue that requires constant work, coordinated with the other areas of agriculture,” said Jessica Mahalingappa, the Administrator for Trade and Capacity Building of the U.S. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), and advisor on Agricultural Health and Food Safety.

    “It is vitally important for IICA to be able to avail itself of the advisory services of the technical committees, in order to keep abreast of the latest trends, challenges, and opportunities in relation to the flagship projects or agricultural health and food safety. The external advisers will also play a strategic role, ensuring that their vision and experience as part of global, cutting-edge institutions, organizations and companies is reflected in our activities,” said Víctor M. Villalobos, Director General of IICA. On officially launching its flagship projects for the next several years and announcing the strengthening of its capabilities in agricultural health and food safety, the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) set up five high-level technical committees that will underpin the efforts of the organization and its member countries to promote agriculture and rural well-being.

    Víctor M. Villalobos listed the challenges in question: bridging the gaps in productivity and competitiveness, reducing vulnerability to climate change and the degradation of natural resources, promoting the inclusion of women, young people, indigenous groups and people living in extreme poverty, achieving food and nutrition security, and tapping the opportunities for innovation in each country.

    To support the efforts of its 34 member countries to meet those challenges, IICA will now carry out its work through the following four flagship projects (FP) and one cross-cutting area of work:
    • Resilience and comprehensive risk management in agriculture
    • Competitiveness and sustainability of agricultural chains for food security and economic development
    • Inclusion in agriculture and rural territories
    • Productivity and sustainability of family agriculture for food security and the rural economy
    • Agricultural health and food safety (cross-cutting area of work).

      For more details, click here.   March 12, 2015

    • New Zealand Responds to Infant Formula Contamination Threat

       In the context of threats made to contaminate New Zealand infant formula and other products in November 2014, New Zealand’s Ministry of Primary Industries issued a public statement, emphasizing the Government’s first priority is protecting the health and wellbeing of consumers. MPI is working closely with police.  Visit  for more advice on how to check packaging for signs of tampering, and for information about government’s response to the threat.

      “We are confident that New Zealand infant and other formula is just as safe today as it was before this threat was made. People should keep using it as they always have,” MPI Deputy Director-General Scott Gallacher said. “The ability for anybody to deliberately contaminate infant and other formula during manufacturing is extremely low. Regardless, we encourage people to be vigilant when buying infant and other formula. New Zealand’s food safety model is among the best in the world. New Zealand manufacturers maintain high levels of security as a normal routine. Security and vigilance has been significantly increased since this threat was received.”

      Prime Minister John Key said the threat was a "form of ecoterrorism, without doubt".

      That was despite officials being very confident the risk of the threat being carried out was low.

      He expressed confidence that every measure had been taken to address the threat. He was very confident New Zealand's food remained safe.    A New Zealand Herald online article also contained a link to a Police news conference.  March 10, 2015
    • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s CFSAN and JIFSAN are jointly sponsoring a Food and Nutrition Webinar Series for 2015. The Webinar Series consists of four presentations, two each in Spring and Fall.  The Spring webinars are scheduled for 1:00 PM EDT, March 24, 2015, and April 20, 2015. The webinars in the series for Fall, 2015, will to be announced later.   The Webinar series is designed for professionals with a focus on nutrition and dietetics including practitioners, students, interns, and faculty in dietetics and nutrition as well as other professional areas.  Other interested parties may also participate.  The purpose of the webinar is to communicate updated information on FDA’s food and nutrition regulatory processes that are relevant to professional practice. The topics for the Spring Webinars are as follows:
      Tuesday, March 24th, 1:00 until 3:00 PM EDT:  Two labeling presentations: a) Nutrition Labeling of Standard Menu Items in Restaurants and Similar Retail Food Establishments and b) Calorie labeling of Articles of Food in Vending Machines.  Speakers: Felicia Billingslea and Daniel Reese.
      Approved for 2.0 CPE credits. Learning objectives -- by the end of the webinar attendees will be able to:
      1. Recall two of the criteria a restaurant or similar retail food establishment must meet to be covered by the menu labeling law.
      2. List the information is required to be included on the menu/menu board or for foods on display.
      3. Describe how covered establishments can determine their calorie content and how operators of vending machines can display calorie content.

      Monday, April 20th, 1:00 until 2:30 PM EDT:Presentation on Gluten-free.  Speakers:  Suzanne Wolcoff and Carol D’Lima.
      Approved for 1.5 CPE credits.  

      Learning objectives -- by the end of the webinar attendees will be able to:
      1. Describe the FDA definition of gluten-free
      2. Recall two requirements for a food labeled “gluten-free” to be marketed in the United States
      3. List the additional FDA suggested requirements for gluten-free labeling of hydrolyzed and fermented foods

      The Webinar Series is designed to be interactive.  In addition to Q&As at the end of each presentation, there will be case studies, quizzes and polls during the presentations. The Commission on Dietetics Registration of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics has approved this webinar series for Continuing Professional Education credits.  To register for a single webinar or the webinar series, click here

      Prerequisite information that will assist in understanding the content in this webinar has been archived here.  
      Reviewing the prerequisite information will be of particular importance to those not as familiar with FDA and its regulatory processes.  The following archival presentations are recommended as prerequisite information about the FDA food and nutrition regulatory processes:  Introduction to FDA and the food and nutrition regulatory process and overview of food labeling requirements; These background presentations provide an excellent foundation for webinar participants and assist in a fuller understanding of the topics covered in the 2015 webinar series. March 4, 2015
    • Canadian Food Inspection Agency confirmed a case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy or “mad cow” disease in a beef cow from Alberta, Canada. No part of the animal’s carcass entered the human food or animal feed systems.  February 27, 2015
    • FDA-iRISK® Named a Central Component of EFSA's Risk-Ranking Toolbox

      U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s innovative risk-assessment tool known as FDA-iRISK has been identified by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) as “the most appropriate tool for risk ranking of microbiological hazards.” The statement comes as EFSA is developing a risk-ranking toolbox, for which FDA-iRISK is to serve as one of two central components (the other being the Burden of Communicable Diseases in Europe – BcoDE – toolkit). EFSA states that these two tools “in combination with a network of available predictive microbiology tools, databases, and information sources, can form a risk-ranking toolbox and be applied based on a “fit for purpose” approach.” Click here.

      In a related development, a webinar hosted by the Joint Institute for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition  at the University of Maryland will take place on March 11, 2015, from 11:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. EDT.
      The webinar will highlight key features of FDA-iRISK® 2.0, an enhanced version of the free, Web-based system made available by the U.S. FDA. Click here to register.    February 19, 2015

    • China National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment and the French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES) to Cooperate on Food Safety

      CFSA and ANSES signed a cooperation agreement on January 30, 2015, that will involve the training of experts and technicians in food analysis and monitoring methods, both in the area of microbiology and chemistry; the comparison of the standards in force in Europe and in China, in the context of their current revision by the CFSA; and risk assessment methodologies. 

      The agreement, which was signed in Beijing between Jinfeng Liu, Director General of the CFSA, and Marc Mortureux, Director General of ANSES, aims to develop cooperation in the following areas:

      - Microbiological food safety (including food virology, emerging risks and new detection technologies),

      - Chemical food safety (including chemical additives, food contact materials and chemical contaminants),

      - Food monitoring and control, conducting studies on consumer exposure to contaminants,

      - Novel foods, food allergies and intolerances.

      This cooperation initiative will involve exchanging scientific information, conducting joint research projects and studies, training personnel, and the cross-participation of experts in scientific seminars organised by each of the parties. Click here.  
      February 19, 2015
    • EFSA has released the 2nd edition of its risk communications guidelines, which are intended to provide a common framework for health authorities in different countries when assessing and communicating on risks related to food safety in Europe.  This second edition, titled “When Food Is Cooking Up a Storm – Proven Recipes for Risk Communications” includes case studies on Food Supplementation; Sodium Reduction and Dioxins levels in fish, as well as new topical issues in Europe including lead exposure and Norwegian hunting. 

      According to EFSA, Risk Communication needs to address how to:

      - Provide information to the public on hazards and risk (emphasizing the difference between hazards and risks);
      - Provide information to the public about the process for conducting risk assessments and making risk management decisions, including a description of the various actors and procedures involved in both tasks.
      - Organize effective two-way communications;
      - Enhance trust and credibility of all actors in the risk assessment and management process;
      - Involve stakeholders in the process and resolve conflicts.

      The guidelines are available in EFSA’s four working languages: English, French, German and Italian,. Click here for the press   release.   February 12, 2015

    • European Food Safety Authority Comprehensive Evaluation Finds that Bisphenol A Poses No Risk to Consumers of Any Age Group

      The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has concluded that BPA poses no health risk to consumers of any age group (including unborn children, infants and adolescents) at current, dietary and non-dietary exposure levels.

      BPA is a chemical used in the manufacturing of polycarbonate plastic food contact materials such as plastic bottles, reusable plastic tableware and can coatings (mainly as protective linings). Another widespread application of BPA is in thermal paper commonly used for till/cash register receipts. EFSA found that exposure from the diet or from a combination of sources (diet, dust, cosmetics and thermal paper) is considerably under the newly-reduced safe level (the "tolerable daily intake" or TDI) depending on the age group.

      Although new data and refined methodologies led EFSA's experts to considerably reduce the safe level of BPA from 50 micrograms per kilogram of body weight per day (µg/kg of bw/day) to 4 µg/kg of bw/day, the highest estimates for dietary exposure and for exposure from a combination of sources (called "aggregated exposure" in EFSA's Opinion) are three to five times lower than the new TDI depending on the group. Dietary exposure for bottle-fed infants aged 0-6 months is 50-fold below the t-TDI for the highest estimates.

      EFSA will again reconsider the new temporary TDI when the results of long-term research by the US National Toxicology Program are available for evaluation in two to three years.

      See EFSA's Scientific Opinion and Fact Sheet on the Safety of BPA.

      Also see the International Food Information Council Foundation Q&A on BPA.
    • The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) today released a draft Scientific Opinion on Caffeine Safety.

      The document addresses concerns raised by national and international bodies in relation to caffeine consumption in certain circumstances and age groups.  Key findings are as follows:

      • Single doses of caffeine up to 200mg and daily intakes of up to 400mg do not raise safety concerns for adults in Europe.
      • Single doses of caffeine up to 200mg do not raise safety concerns for adults (18-65 years) also when consumed less than two hours before intense exercise.
      • It is unlikely that caffeine interacts adversely with other constituents of “energy drinks” – such as taurine and D-glucurono-γ-lactone – or alcohol. 
      • For pregnant women, caffeine intakes of up to 200mg a day do not raise safety concerns for the fetus. 
      • For children (3-10 years) and adolescents (10-18 years), daily intakes of 3mg per kg of body weight are considered safe. 
      • Single doses of 100mg may increase sleep latency (the amount of time it takes to fall asleep) and shorten sleeping time in some adults.

      The Draft Opinion is open for public consultation until March 15, 2015, and written comments can be submitted via an electronic template before or after the stakeholder meeting.

      To access key IFIC Foundation communication resources related to caffeine and health Click here.
        January 15, 2015

    • Given the prevalence of confusing or misleading information about food and nutrition - and the alarmist tactics that often define much of today’s food and nutrition dialogue - the International Food Information Council Foundation has announced the formation of the FACTS Network, Food Advocates Communicating through Science

      As communications through social media are increasingly important to consumers and stakeholders, the FACTS Network is being developed as a reliable place to go for real-time food facts that can be readily shared with family, friends and acquaintances.

      We are pleased to invite you to join the FACTS Network as a “FACTS Follower.” FACTS—Food Advocates Communicating Through Science—a grassroots network dedicated to bringing greater balance to today’s food and nutrition dialogue.

      Benefitting from a global, interactive community of academic and other professional experts, FACTS exists to debunk pseudoscience and correct common misperceptions about modern food production, food safety, nutrition, and health and wellness. FACTS promotes the science, not deceptive advice.

      We encourage you to sign up today to help spread trusted insight and advice on key food and health issues that enable informed decision and enhance food safety.

      Join us as a FACTS Follower for access to a trusted community which will provide you with understandable, clear, concise food information you can share with family, friends and others. Then like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter to join the conversation!

    • A paper titled “Why low calories: count: The effective use of low calorie sweeteners (LCS) in today’s diet and lifestyle choices” (1-2 April 2014), Brussels, Belgium was published in Nutrition Bulletin on behalf of the British Nutrition Foundation Nutrition Bulletin, 39, 386-389. This consensus paper summarizes current evidence on the benefits of LCS, as reviewed by a panel of independent experts at the International Sweeteners Association Conference in Brussels, in April 2014.

      Among Key Conclusions:
      1) LCS do no increase appetite and have no discernible effect on satiety.
      2) LCS help to reduce energy when used in place of higher energy ingredients

      For a copy of the study, click here.

      Paper’s  Authors include S. Gibson*, A. Drewnowski†, J. Hill‡, A. B. Raben§, H. Tuorila¶, E. Widström** and on behalf of the International Sweeteners Association
      *Sig-Nurture, Ltd., Guildford, Surrey, UK;
      †University ofWashington Center for Obesity Research, Washington, DC, USA;
      ‡Anschutz Health andWellness Center, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA;
      §Department of Human Nutrition, University of Copenhagen, Denmark;
      ¶Department of Sensory Food Science, University of Helsinki, Finland;
      **National Institute for Health andWelfare, Helsinki, Finland
    • A Scientific Report published by EFSA concluded the risk of transmission of Ebola through bushmeat illegally imported into the EU is "low." The report states the probability of a virus surviving transportation to Europe is higher in fresh or frozen meat after a short transport time and lower in dried or smoked meat exposed to higher temperatures during transport. Thorough cooking (at 100°C) kills the virus. EFSA cautions that although the potential for introduction and transmission of Ebola through bushmeat is low, the public health consequences of its introduction would be serious given the high fatality rate and ease of human-to-human transmission. EFSA is working to identify consumption levels of bushmeat in the EU, or on how illegally imported bushmeat is handled, prepared and consumed in Europe. Scientists do not know for how long the virus survives in meat or animal products. November 5, 2014
    • The International Food Information Council Foundation has contributed two recent case studies on Bisphenol A in baby bottles and Communicating about the use of ammonia in “Lean Finely Textured Beef”.  October 3, 2014
    • World Health Organization: Information note: Ebola and food safety -
      Ebola: general information

      Currently an outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) is ongoing in several African countries. Ebola virus disease is a severe illness. The infection is transmitted by direct contact with the blood, body fluids and tissues of infected animals or people.
      During an outbreak, those at higher risk of infection are health workers, family members and others in close contact with sick people and deceased patients.

      Appropriate infection and prevention control measures can be implemented to stop transmission and supportive care to patients help to considerably reduce the mortality. Spread of the infection can be controlled through the use of recommended protective measures in clinics and hospitals, at community gatherings, during burial ceremonies or at home.

      Current outbreak: a human to human transmission

      Ebola viruses are known to cause epidemics of disease among wild animals, particularly non-human primates.

      Potential hosts of Ebola viruses are non-human primates, duikers, bats, small rodents, and shrews.

      The initial source of past EVD outbreaks was likely human contact with wild animals through hunting, butchering and preparing meat from infected wild animals (“bush meat”), with subsequent transmission from human to human.

      However, in the current outbreak, the majority of cases are a result of human to human transmission.

      Food, animals and Ebola

      If food products are properly prepared and cooked, humans cannot become infected by consuming them: the Ebola virus is inactivated through cooking.

      Basic hygiene measures can prevent infection in people in direct contact with infected animals or with raw meat and by-products.

      Basic hygiene measures include regular hand washing and changing of clothes and boots before and after touching these animals and their products.

      However, sick and diseased animal should never be consumed.   August 24, 2014
    • EFSA is launching a public consultation on its draft scientific opinion on acrylamide in food, developed by the Authority’s expert Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM). Until 15 September, scientists and other interested parties can comment on the draft opinion through an online public consultation.

       See EFSA information at:

      See also US FDA publication Acrylamide Questions and Answers that encourages consumers to adopt a healthy eating plan consistent with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, as well as IFIC Foundation video resource  Dave Lineback explains Acrylamide     July 2, 2014

    • The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has announced that it will hold a workshop on their re-evaluation program for food additives, which will take place in Brussels, Belgium on April 28th 2014.

      Business operators, scientific experts, representatives of the European Commission, EFSA scientific staff and other interested parties will discuss the Authority's work program covering the period 2014-2016 related to the re-evaluation of food additives; how and when to submit data for risk assessment and how to strengthen cooperation with stakeholders. 
      For details and draft agenda, see: Stakeholder workshop: Food additives re-evaluation programme according to Commission Regulation (EU) 257/2010
      Please note that registration closes on 10 April 2014. Those interested in participating may register at  March 31, 2014

    • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today proposed to update the Nutrition Facts label for packaged foods to reflect the latest scientific information, including the link between diet and chronic diseases such as obesity and heart disease. Click here to read the FDA press release:       February 27, 2014
    • The Alliance to Feed the Future has announced the availability of new, free curricula, "The Science of Feeding the World," will help students in grades K-8 learn about what it will take to feed the world as the earth's population reaches 9 billion by 2050. The curricula cite and assign the exact standard for the Common Core State Standards as well as the Next Generation Science Standards, a state-led process managed by Achieve in partnership with the National Science Teachers Association (NSTA).

      All of the educational materials are available through the Alliance to Feed the Future website,, which is home to an assortment of hundred of helpful resources and information regarding the modern food production system from farm to fork.

      For additional questions about the Alliance to Feed the Future, please contact or USA 202-296-6540.
    • EFSA Completes Full Risk Assessment on Low-Calorie Sweetener Aspartame and Concludes it is Safe at Current Levels of Exposure
       "This opinion represents one of the most comprehensive risk assessments of aspartame ever undertaken. It's a step forward in strengthening consumer confidence in the scientific underpinning of the EU food safety system and the regulation of food additives", said the Chair of EFSA's Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources Added to Foods (ANS Panel), Dr Alicja Mortensen.  Experts of ANS Panel have considered all available information and, following a detailed analysis, have concluded that the current Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) of 40mg/kg bw/day is protective for the general population. However, in patients suffering from the medical condition phenylketonuria (PKU), the ADI is not applicable, as they require strict adherence to a diet low in phenylalanine (an amino acid found in proteins).

      Following a thorough review of evidence provided both by animal and human studies, experts have ruled out a potential risk of aspartame causing damage to genes and inducing cancer. EFSA's experts also concluded that aspartame does not harm the brain, the nervous system or affect behaviour or cognitive function in children or adults. With respect to pregnancy, the Panel noted that there was no risk to the developing fetus from exposure to phenylalanine derived from aspartame at the current ADI (with the exception of women suffering from PKU).  See EFSA News Release and full Opinion.

      For related public information from the International Food Information Council, please see:  
      Aspartame Once Again Deemed Safe by European Food Safety Authority: Research on Aspartame Safety Spans DecadesDecember 10, 2013

    • FSANZ Issues Statement on Contaminated Dairy Products Imported from New Zealand

      Following an announcement by a major multinational dairy company in New Zealand regarding a potentially contaminated whey protein concentrate, Food Standards Australia New Zealand is working together with the New Zealand Ministry for Primary Industries to verify that there are only two affected infant formula products. The whey protein concentrate may be contaminated with Clostridium botulinum, which can cause botulism. It is used in a range of dairy products including baby formula and sports supplement drinks. At this time, no cases of illness associated with the products have been reported. As a precautionary measure, parents may wish to use alternative brands of infant formula until all information is available.
      For a copy of the press release, click here.  August 5, 2013
      The IFIC Foundation has produced some public education pieces on foodborne illness at, including a Consumers Guide to Food Safety Risks at   and  Background on Food Safety and Defense. August 5, 2013

    • The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) has released a new set of interactive web tools aimed at providing Canadians with relevant, easy-to-understand information explaining the beef processing and inspection process, as well as the food safety investigation and recall process. Acknowledging that no food safety system can guarantee zero risk, the tools explain government and industry activities and roles to minimize consumer risk.  July 31, 2013

    • Food Standards Australia New Zealand published a report on the risk assessment and regulation of ag biotech crops and foods developed using gene silencing. The report concluded the weight of scientific evidence “does not support the view that small double-stranded RNAs in foods are likely to have adverse consequences for humans.” May 21, 2013
      As a related resource, The International Food Information Council (IFIC) Foundation released “Food Biotechnology: A Communicator’s Guide to Improving Understanding, 3rd Edition,” revising a 2003 version to reflect new developments in food biotechnology research, regulation, and product availability from the last decade, as well as new consumer insights and changing communication methods, such as the advent of digital media.

    • The World Health Organization has issued a preliminary Risk Assessment on avian influenza  A (H7N9) which states that the virus contains a group of avian influenza virus genes from three different avian influenza viruses. So far, this virus has not been associated with reports of severe disease in poultry.  - Xinhua, China's news agency, reports 11 new H7N9 human infections, bringing the total number of such cases around the country to 60, with the death toll from H7N9 at 13.  
      The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is following this situation closely and coordinating with domestic and international partners. In addition, CDC has issued guidance to U.S. clinicians and public health departments on how to test for this virus, and interim guidance on case definitions for possible H7N9 cases in the United States and interim infection control guidance for U.S. health care workers. CDC also has developed information for travelers to China.  CDC has also offered to assist China in developing a vaccine.  April 16, 2013

    • The China National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment has provided information for Chinese consumers and stakeholders regarding sporadic cases of Avian Influenza, N7H9, on the website at English translations options are available on the website. Key content includes information with virus characteristic virus survival capability, transmission mode, and prevention and control measures. The avian influenza can be inactivated by heating at 65°C for 30 minutes or boiling at 100°C for 2 minutes. Virus can also survive in feces for 1 week at low temperature and in water for 1 month at 4°C. Among additional information reported by China’s official news agency, Xinhua News:
      *The source of infection is not clear, but most experts believe the N7H9 is from birds and N7H9 has been found in chickens, pigeons and quails in areas that human cases were reported.
      *There is no restriction on travel (within China or coming into China) so far. But residents who have fever are required to go to hospital for checking. Hospitals were alerted for patients who have fever.
      *As measures of prevention, the selling of live birds (chicken, etc.) are banned in the cities, including Beijing.
      *Information on this issue is transparent and Beijing government announced that anyone who hides information will be heavily punished. Under reported cases are highly unlikely this time.
      *Information compiled from the Xinhua News Agency (the official news agency of Chinese government) by Dr. Junshi Chen, head of the China Food Information Center on April 6, 2013.
      The number of reported cases is changing every day, about 18 cases, with 6 deaths as of April 8. There is no indication of epidemic and evidence of human to human transmission. Now N7H9 could be identified within one day.